Foundations for Studying Basic Processes in Reading
Research on basic reading processes appears on the surface to be healthy and thriving. The most up-to-date research tools and methodologies-fMRI, HLM, eye-movement tracking, connectionist modeling, IRT scaling-are being applied regularly; results are being presented at more and more conferences around the world; and new journals are publishing an ever-expanding collection of peer-reviewed offerings. The dominance of studies done in North America on English-speaking participants continues, but studies from other parts of the world and on other languages are also rising dramatically. A wide range of problems is being investigated, stretching from the role of phonemic awareness in early reading acquisition to the nature of orthographic encoding in different languages and scripts to the identification of genetic markers for dyslexia to effective remediation techniques for reading failure. For all this there is much to celebrate.