Teaching Considered as Behavior
The accompanying table lists the ways in which learning is influenced by conspecifics. “Imitation,” which is often an important part of the response to a teacher, may refer to several kinds of social interaction. A general lexical defi nition of “to imitate” is “to copy an action.” In some writings, however, “imitation” is reserved for a more distinct kind of behavior: an indi vidual observes the form o f a novel complex action and, as a result, performs a similar action. In this essay this (sometimes called “true” imi tation) is named imitationss or imitation sensu stricto.