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Teaching Considered as Behavior

The accompanying table lists the ways in which learning is influenced by conspecifics. “Imitation,” which is often an important part of the response to a teacher, may refer to several kinds of social interaction. A general lexical defi­ nition of “to imitate” is “to copy an action.” In some writings, however, “imitation” is reserved for a more distinct kind of behavior: an indi­ vidual observes the form o f a novel complex action and, as a result, performs a similar action. In this essay this (sometimes called “true” imi­ tation) is named imitationss or imitation sensu stricto.