12 Pages

Domesticated Ruminant Behavior

Domestication is one of humanity’s most con­ sequential achievements. It involves the removal of plants and animals from some of the influ­ ences of natural selection, as well as manage­ ment, controlled reproduction, and artificial selection. This facilitates the achievement of the economic and esthetic goal. Domestication sometimes results in “mutualism,” a reciprocal dependence between humans and a domesti­ cated species. Despite the practical importance of domestication, enduring public interest, and a vast body of folklore, the behavior of domes­ ticated animals has received relatively little sci­ entific attention.