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Peacemaking in Primates

Aggression has traditionally been viewed as a behavior that causes dispersal. This idea was mainly based on experience with territorial spe­ cies, in which losers of aggressive incidents tend to avoid winners. In a variety of group-living species, however, former opponents often come together following a fight and exchange reassur­ ance and appeasement signals. Such reunions have been labeled “reconciliations,” to empha­ size their socially reparative function.