Linguistic Minority Students Go to College: Introduction
For immigrants and their families who come to the United States in search of a better life and a better education, earning a college degree is often a dream come true. At the same time, in the context of the current U.S. knowledge economy, a college degree is no longer simply an aspiration to espouse; rather, it has become an increasingly necessary qualifi cation for securing and maintaining a middleclass job and lifestyle. A college degree makes a tremendous diff erence in one’s earning power. In 2010, full-time workers with bachelor’s degrees on average earned 74% more than high school graduates (Carnevale & Rose, 2011). By 2018 it is estimated that 63% of new job openings will require at least some level of postsecondary education (PSE) (Carnevale, Smith, & Strohl, 2010). A college education also begets further on-the-job training; College graduates are 70% more likely to receive continuing formal training from their employers than high school graduates (Carnevale et al., 2010), giving them further advantages in terms of earnings and marketable skills and knowledge.