chapter  5
16 Pages

Investment-based grassroots social security: The Case of the Women’s Co-op in Sri Lanka: Mitsuhiko Hosaka and Nandasiri Gamage


The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is a small island country on the Indian Ocean with a population of twenty million people spread over an area of 66,000 square kilometres. It has a diverse climate and topography, and different ethnic groups, languages, cultures and religions. In terms of ethnicity and religion, the predominantly Buddhist Sinhala people constitute about 74 per cent of the population, while minorities include the mostly Hindu Tamils with about 18 per cent of the population, and the Muslims with 7 per cent. The country’s indigenous inhabitants, the Veddahs, are very few in number and are estimated to be fewer than 1,000.