chapter  7
Turkish Journalists and Ethical Self-Refl ection Through Online
Pages 18

Many aspects of the Turkish media are similar to features of both Southern and Latin American media characterized by low levels of newspaper circulation, heavy television viewing patterns, and the politicization of public broadcasting and regulation. Hallin and Papathanossopoulos’s comments (2002, pp. 176-7) about Greece and Spain apply equally forcefully to Turkish public broadcasting. In Turkey, public broadcasting is controlled by the ruling party and, similar to Greece, the period when newspapers owners with a background in journalism, describe their main activity as journalism has ended. The one time journalists have subsequently been replaced by business people from various sectors who now control the media and use them to increase their personal wealth but also as a tool in the power struggle among Turkey’s elite.