Intervention strategies for cluttering disorders: Ellen Bennett Lanouette
Cluttering is an intriguing, yet fairly unknown ﬂuency disorder. The early writing of Weiss (1964) outlined cluttering as a central language imbalance exhibiting deﬁcits in the areas of cognition, language, pragmatics, speech, and motor skills. More recently, St. Louis, Myers, Bakker, and Raphael (2007) deﬁned cluttering as a ﬂuency disorder characterized by abnormally rapid and/or irregular speech rate. The authors contend that:
rate abnormalities further are manifest in one or more of the following symptoms: an excessive number of disﬂuencies, the majority of which are not typical of people who stutter; frequent placement of pauses and use of prosodic patterns that do not conform to syntactic and semantic con straints; and inappropriate (usually excessive) degrees of coarticulation among sounds, especially in multisyllabic words.