International perspectives on perceiving, identifying, and managing cluttering: Isabella K. Reichel and Juris G. Draguns
Cluttering as a discrete ﬂuency disorder attained recognition in Europe earlier than it did in North America. Until recently, there was only inter mittent and haphazard interaction among speech therapists and researchers concerned with cluttering in various countries and continents. Thus, developments in various parts of the world proceeded apace in partial or complete isolation. In 2007, when the International Cluttering Association (ICA) was founded, the intent to increase global interaction was made explicit. ICA was envisaged as a forum for communication, interaction, and eventual collaboration between researchers, speech therapists, persons with cluttering (PWC), and their families around the world. Its founding marked the potential beginning of a global eﬀort dealing with cluttering as a world wide phenomenon that may exhibit cultural nuances and features.