chapter  9
9 Pages

Climate change, energy use and long- run growth in Brazil

ByCARLOS AZZONI, EDUARDO HADDAD

Is characterized by lower trade flows, relatively slow capital stock turnover, and slower technological change. . . . Economic growth is uneven and the income gap between now-industrialized and developing parts of the world does not narrow. . . . People, ideas, and capital are less mobile so that technology diffuses more slowly than in the other scenario families. International disparities in productivity, and hence income per capita, are largely maintained or increased in absolute terms. . . . Global average per capita income in A2 is low . . . reaching about US$7200 per capita by 2050 and US$16,000 in 2100. By 2100 the global GDP reaches about US$250 trillion. . . . Global environmental concerns are relatively weak, although attempts are made to bring regional and local pollution under control and to maintain environmental amenities.