Metacognition and Epistemic Cognition
The first two chapters provided some sense of the scope of human rationality, ranging across the cognitive and developmental literatures on inference, thinking, and reasoning. The resulting picture of advanced rationality is complex and multifaceted. One common theme, however, is that advanced thinking and reasoning involve advanced forms of what psychologists call metacognition. I suggest in the present chapter that what lies at the core of advanced cognitive development is the development of metacognition. I focus especially on epistemic cognition, an aspect of metacognition central to the development of reasoning and rationality in adolescence and early adulthood.