Justice, Care, and Virtue
By 1970, Kohlberg’s theory was the preeminent approach to the study of moral development, especially with regard to adolescence and early adulthood. Research on adolescent morality has flourished since that time, and diverse theoretical views have been proposed (Arnold, 2000; Bergman, 2002, 2004; Blasi, 1984; Carlo, 2006; Eisenberg, Fabes, & Spinrad, 2006; Gibbs, 2010; Gilligan, 1982; Lapsley, 1996; Moshman, 1995b, 2005; Nucci, 2001; Turiel, 2002, 2006a, 2006b, 2008). Many of the theoretical differences involve fundamental questions about the
nature of morality. What do people mean by morality? What do theorists mean by morality? When we study moral development, what exactly are we studying the development of?