Personal and Social Identity
Social Identity Outside the field of developmental psychology, the term identity typically refers to one’s identification with a salient social group (Appiah, 2005; Côté, 2006; Hammack, 2008; Maalouf, 2001; Postmes & Jetten, 2006; Sen, 2006). This is sometimes called social identity to distinguish it from the concept of personal identity in the developmental literature. The concept of social identity reminds us that our identities are intrinsically and fundamentally social. It also raises problems, however, that cannot be solved without retaining from the developmental literature a concept of personal identity. As we will now see, personal identity and social identity are best construed as aspects of identity rather than distinct types or forms of identity.