chapter  9
27 Pages

AGRO-INDUSTRY, STATE POLICY AND RURAL SOCIAL STRUCTURES: RECENT ANALYSES OF PROLETARIANISATION IN BRAZILIAN AGRICULTURE

WithDavid Goodman, Bernardo Sorj, John Wilkinson

This chapter aims to distinguish three major formulations of agrarian structures and their integration with industrial capitalism. These are the articulation approach, the classic internal proletarianisation process of the 'Junker road', and formulations which posit the subordination of modernised family producers to the agro-industrial 'complex'. Brazil Oliveira sought to demonstrate, contrary to dualist prognoses, that the persistence of 'backward' agrarian structures had not impeded rapid post-war industrialisation, whether by failing to mobilise the agricultural surplus or to constitute a 'home market' for capitalist industry. Brazil established favourable conditions for urban capital formation, cementing the 'structural pact' between the urban bourgeoisie and the rural landed class. Brazil latifundio structure, with its resident workers and 'internal minifundia' of share-croppers and tenants, would be replaced by the capitalised enterprise utilising temporary wage-labour as the new paradigm of Brazilian agriculture. The concept of the agro-industrial 'complex' also conveys the notion of a static division between 'agriculture' and 'industry'.