chapter  41
18 Pages

Second Language Learner Strategies

The first consideration will be definitional issues regarding second-or foreign-language (L2)1 learner strategies. Then the roles played by language learner strategies in research will be the focus of attention: the good language learner studies, strategies for learning a skill (listening, reading, speaking, writing, vocabulary, and grammar), strategies for learners in distance learning courses, test-taking strategies, and research on validating measures of learner strategies. Next, controversy and developments in the field will be discussed, and the chapter ends with the author’s stance on L2 learner strategies.