Linguistic Analysis Methods for Studying Small Groups
INTRODUCTION Linguistic analysis of collaboration is a research area with stakeholders from multiple elds, including learning sciences, organizational behavior, sociolinguistics, other areas of linguistics, language technologies and machine learning, social psychology, and sociology. Each eld brings its own valuable store of wisdom as well as its own sets of research questions and methodologies. While we view collaboration from a multidisciplinary perspective, we adopt a technical de nition of linguistic analysis as an analysis that employs constructs from the eld of linguistics that are designed to study language as a primary focus of inquiry. While a wide variety of valuable frameworks for studying the language of collaboration have been developed within the learning sciences community, instead of considering these as linguistic analyses of collaboration, we consider them as applications of theory from the learning sciences to language interaction. e focus of these existing frameworks is on learning processes viewed through language rather than the language processes themselves. e advantage of a linguistic framework is that it allows us to avoid making a commitment to one speci c theoretical perspective within the learning sciences.