Cultivating a Community of Learners in K–12 Classrooms
WHAT IS MEANT BY A COMMUNITIES OF LEARNERS MODEL We describe what is meant by a CoL model by highlighting a particular family of models from the K-12 educational literature, followed by a description of what we see as the de ning characteristics. We have chosen three speci c lines of research to discuss in the present paper: Brown and Campione’s fostering communities of learners (FCL) model, Scardamalia and Bereiter’s knowledge building communities (KBC) model, and Lampert’s model of mathematics classrooms. We also point interested readers to the work of Barbara Rogo , who worked for years in the creation of a school based on a learning communities approach (Rogo , 1994; Rogo , Turkanis, & Bartlett, 2001). We do not include Rogo ’s work here because we wanted to choose models that have focused on classroom-speci c implementations within more traditional school settings, since we felt that this captured the circumstances that a majority of teachers interested in these types of models might themselves be faced with. Clearly, though, if an entire school community adopts a CoL approach, the overall environment better supports CoL classrooms.