Problem-Based Learning: An Instructional Model of Collaborative Learning
Problem-based learning (PBL) is a learner-centered pedagogical approach in which students engage in goal-directed inquiry. In PBL, students work collaboratively to learn through solving complex and ill-structured problems (Barrows, 2000; Hmelo-Silver, 2004). ey engage in self-directed learning (SDL) and then apply their new knowledge to the problem and re ect on their learning of the content and strategies employed. e teacher’s role changes from one of telling to one of facilitating the learning process. More speci cally, the goals of PBL include helping students develop (a) exible knowledge, (b) e ective problem-solving skills, (c) SDL skills, and (d) e ective collaboration skills.