chapter  11
Collaborative Decision-Making in Multicultural Contexts
ByJohn J. Hoover, Amy Eppolito, Janette K. Klingner, Leonard Baca
Pages 18

Research on the value and eff ectiveness of collaboration when making educational decisions is extensive and comprehensive (Friend & Cook, 2010; Heron & Harris 2000; McLeskey, Rosenberg & Westling, 2010; Walter-Thomas, Korinek, McLaughlin, & Williams, 2000). According to Friend and Cook, collaboration includes several characteristics that collectively facilitate meaningful decision-making. These qualities include shared contributions that are equally valued, clear purpose and mutual goal(s), team member participation and accountability, and shared expertise and resources. Eff ective school and team leadership is facilitated through collaboration as team members support each other and their students. Discussing collaboration, McLeskey and colleagues wrote that administrators and teachers must work cooperatively to “change their practices, the roles they play, and the very structure of their schools” (2010, p. 212). This statement is particularly appropriate in today’s educational climate as more and more schools transition to response to intervention (RTI) models (Hoover, Baca, Love, & Saenz, 2008; Spectrum K12, 2010; Zierkel & Thomas, 2010), and as diversity in our classrooms continues to increase (Klingner & Edwards, 2006; Klingner, Hoover, & Baca, 2008). Both RTI and increased diversity highlight the reality that no one or two educators in a school possess suffi cient expertise and the resources to adequately meet the needs of all learners. In support, Thousand, Villa and Nevin (2007) wrote that

Collaboration has become more and more of a norm in North American schools due to a number of legal, practical, and ethical reasons all related to providing all students both access to quality instruction and equity in educational experience.