chapter  9
Industrial distribution of employees (continued)
Pages 22

It is interesting to note the change in the perspective of commentators on employment problems in East Africa. Prior to the Second World War there was considerable concern with the target income worker, with a widely held view that the local work-force was characterized by behaviour consistent with the model of a backward sloping supply curve for labour. By the early and mid 1950's, Elkan's study of the Uganda labour market distinguished a much more complex situation.1 He saw the labour force as containing a mixture of substantially permanent members, particularly drawn from the tribes resident around the two major towns, and migrants of varying degrees of permanency in commitment to their employment. Yet although he saw the labour force in a process of evolution, he nevertheless identified major problems as arising from the impermanency of much of the labour force, particularly for those industries requiring semi-skilled labour of the kind created by experience on the job within the particular industry.