chapter  1
14 Pages

Women and the genocidal rape of women: The gender dynamics of gendered war crimes

ByLAURA SJOBERG

Since the end of the Cold War, rape and violence against women have been increasingly recognized as war crimes in international law (MacKinnon 2001: 897). While there had previously been an inconsistent history of the punishment of wartime rape (e.g., MacKinnon 2001), the 1990s saw jurisprudence classifying it as a war crime. Courts have also recently begun to recognize that rape and genocidal rape are different war crimes, where rape is a crime against its victim and women generally, and genocidal rape is such a crime used as a weapon against an ethnic or national group, attacking racial purity, national pride, or both.