chapter  II
10 Pages

The Papacy 2. The Reformation of Cluny II. THE WAR OF INVESTITURES

Nor had it preserved that intimate union with the Papacy, that collaboration of the spiritual and the temporal power in the government of the world, which lay at the basis of the Carolingian conception of empire, and constituted its majesty. Under the new Emperors the Pope was either in open rebellion against the monarch who should have been his ally, or he was his creature, with neither influence nor prestige.