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It is the goal of this chapter to propose a reasonable, just and equitable resolution of the water conflicts between the Israelis and the Palestinians which can meet the legitimate needs and interests of both peoples and will bring social and economic benefit to all. Such a resolution of these shared water problems can provide a major impetus to the peace process and might stop this issue being viewed as an obstacle to peace. Since I do not represent the official Israeli government position in any way, this proposal must be seen as the personal view of an academic who has studied the Israeli-Palestinian shared water issues for over eighteen years and has held discussions and dialogues on these issues with people on all sides, representing both official and unofficial points of view. The basic claims and concerns of the Palestinians and the Israelis will be presented in the following section.