Connecting the paradigms of human rights and conflict has been a growing global concern among international and civil society organizations, and academics, but it had no major consequence within the majorities in the Israeli and Palestinian societies. The search for a better understanding of this issue is timely, given the collapse of the Israeli-Palestinian Oslo peace process and the last Gaza war (Kaufman and Bisharat 1998, 1999, 2002),1 not taking into account the importance of ensuring human security on both sides. With the nature of conflict worldwide changing from predominantly international to intranational, as is the case of Israel, now facing only terrorist or non-state actors, the question of rights for the members of communities involved in asymmetrical wars arises at a more significant level. The fact that the victims of these “civil wars,” these acts of terrorist movements and state repression, are increasingly civilians themselves makes it clear that a resolution is required in addressing acute forms of suffering that are not covered by the rules governing uniformed combatants. Without codes of conduct, a most negative slippery slope descends from extra-judicial executions to massacres and genocide, and the heavy price in human lives exacerbates the original, tangible roots of conflict.