chapter  16
12 Pages

Romania: Banning Corporal Punishment of Children

ByGABRIELA ALEXANDRESCU

The Greek historian Herodotus recorded the earliest written evidence of people (Dacians) living in the territory of present-day Romania in 513 B.C. In 106 A.D., after several confrontations between the Dacians and the Roman Empire, the Dacian Kingdom became a Roman province. Due to its rich resources, especially silver and gold, the Romans heavily colonized the province, but in the 3rd century A.D., with the invasions of migratory populations, the Roman Empire was forced to withdraw from Dacia. Between the 3rd century A.D. and the 14th century A.D., Dacia was invaded successively by nomadic peoples, including the Huns, the Gepids, the Avars, the Pechenegs, and the Cumans. Romanians lived in three distinct principalities: Wallachia, Moldavia, and Transylvania, the latter being part of the Kingdom of Hungary between the 10th and 16th centuries.