On December 12, 2006, US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) raided Swift & Company meatpacking plants in six states: Colorado, Nebraska, Texas, Utah, Iowa, and Minnesota (US ICE 2006). Taken into custody were 1,282 suspected undocumented migrants, most of whom were Latino (that is, of Latin American origin). A majority of these individuals simply faced deportation for being present in the United States without authorization (see Bibler Coutin, this volume). However, 65 were charged with criminal violations related to identity theft or other infractions (i.e. re-entry after deportation). Not only were these migrants looking at deportation, they also potentially faced time in prison.