chapter  10
Citizens despite borders: challenges to the territorial order of Europe
Pages 17

Starting from the assumption that human mobility plays a constituent role in the current transformation of citizenship, this chapter interrogates the paradoxical membership experienced by migrants who are unauthorized to enter and remain in the European space or the territories of member states. Rather than labelling unauthorized human mobility as ‘illegal migration’, I propose that we provocatively address it as a form of ‘illegal citizenship’. This allows me to emphasize the specific condition of migration within the changing territorial order of citizenship in Europe. It also allows me to address the political character of human mobility, which remains central to the experience of migration irrespective of its lack of institutional or legal recognition.