Attachment and Coping with Bereavement: Implications for Therapeutic Interventions with the Insecurely Attached: Emmanuelle Zech and Carrie Arnold
P rofessional psychotherapeutic intervention programs for bereaved individ-uals are not as effective as one could expect (e.g., Currier, Neimeyer, & Berman, 2008; Jordan & Neimeyer, 2003; Kato & Mann, 1999; LittererAllumbaugh & Hoyt, 1999; Raphael, Minkov, & Dobson, 2001; Schut & Stroebe, 2005; Schut, Stroebe, van den Bout, & Terheggen, 2001), and this is for a complex series of reasons (see, e.g., Zech, Ryckebosch, & Delespaux, 2010). Elsewhere we have argued that, to be effective, psychotherapeutic interventions need to be individualized to the client’s speci–c functioning. The therapist will join the clients where they are; examine their ways of being and functioning, in particular the events that cause or maintain their dif–culties; and –nally allow and encourage the practice of new ways of being that foster well-being and psychological development (Zech et al., 2010). In this chapter, we will address the needs of individuals dealing with bereavement according to their attachment style. The direction of this chapter will be to explore both the theoretical and clinical implications for providing therapeutic services to those bereaved individuals who are insecurely attached and therefore requiring treatment informed by their unique attachment needs, along with an understanding of the embodied nature of their grief.