CHARACTERISTICS OF VISUAL AND PERFORMING ARTS
Annette Arlander In the following I am mainly discussing such research undertaken by artists, where artworks or artistic practices are part of the research, and which is conducted as research, not as art practice as such. The notion of what constitutes art (inquiry, skill, expression, originality, critical comment, decoration, entertainment, etc.) has an impact on other questions such as the role of experimentation (originality, novelty, innovation, interpretation), the characteristics of the artwork (unique object, prototype, ongoing practice, event, the artist as the artwork, etc.), the position of the artist (as auteur, producer, provider of services, first spectator, performer, etc.) and the amount of collaboration (with co-artists, spectators, participants, etc.) and all these influence research. However, the notion of art is treated by writers in the section focusing on foundations.