A Problem-Solving Approach to School Violence Prevention
This chapter describes how a problem-solving process can be employed eff ectively in the context of team decision making to design, implement, and evaluate a comprehensive school violence prevention program. Problem solving is conceptualized as the systematic eff ort to reduce the discrepancy between a current undesirable situation, such as frequent bully behavior, and that of a more preferred circumstance. A fi ve-step process is identifi ed: (a) problem identifi cation, (b) problem analysis, (c) problem response proposals, (d) response implementation, and (e) evaluation of prevention strategies. The model places heavy reliance on data-gathering and analysis at the building level to defi ne the problem accurately, and then to monitor eff ectively the progress of subsequent prevention programs and procedures.