Exploring School Violence in the Context of Turkish Culture and Schools
Bully/victim behaviors could be witnessed at all levels of schools in Turkey. Until recently, researchers in Turkey have regarded bully/victim behaviors in schools as a natural part of growing up (Güvenir, 2005). Although research studies about bully/victim behaviors in schools were initiated in other countries during the 1970s, it has not attracted attention in Turkey until the 1990s after becoming a major issue in schools. Related articles in Turkish literature appeared fi rst in 1995, and many studies have been carried out pointing out the various aspects of bully/victim behaviors (Pişkin, 2002; Kapcı, 2004).