The Association of Perceived Parental Understanding with Bullying Among Adolescents in Ghana, West-Africa
This study explores the relationship between perceived parental understanding and bullying victimization among junior high school students in Ghana, West-Africa, using the 2007 Ghana Global School-based Student Health survey (GSHS). The sample included 2,795 students who were selected using a two-stage cluster sampling approach. A logistic regression analysis, controlling for grade level and being taught how to avoid bullying in school, found that boys and girls who perceive their parents to sometimes understand their worries and problems were more likely to be physically or nonphysically bullied than those who perceive that their parents always understand their worries and problems. Results for bullying victimization among students who perceived that they were never understood by their parents compared to always being understood were inconsistent. The Nagelkerke R2 for the boys and girls models, respectively, was low at .072 and .084. Given the paucity of literature on bullying victimization in Ghana, additional studies are needed to better understand the problem.