An Overview of Measurement Issues in School Violence and School Safety Research
Precise and accurate measures are needed for research to advance knowledge about school violence and safety concerns. This chapter provides an overview of school violence and safety measurement issues. After introducing the history of measurement of school violence and safety, we provide a review of recent studies of school violence with a focus on their measurement approaches and practices. We then describe procedures commonly used to measure school safety-and violence-related variables, review prominent threats to the reliability and validity of these procedures, and suggest mechanisms for improvement.