The Breakdown of Conciliation 1. December 1932
THE task of seeking a solution by conciliation had been entrusted by the League Assembly to its special Committee of Nineteen. Its drafting sub-committee drew up, and the Committee endorsed, two draft Resolutions setting out the basis upon which it was proposed to pursue its efforts. The second of these draft Resolutions was an expression of the Assembly’s gratitude to the Lytton Commission. The first reaffirmed the principles laid down in the Assembly’s Resolution of March 11th, 1932 (which included the non-recognition declaration); decided to set up a committee (to consist of the special Committee of Nineteen) to conduct negotiations, in conjunction with the parties, “on the basis of the principles set out in Chapter IX of the Report of the Commission of Enquiry, and having regard to the suggestions made in Chapter X of that Report”; and entrusted the committee to invite the Governments of the United States and Soviet Russia to participate in the negotiations. The acceptance of these draft Resolutions by the two parties to the dispute was then sought. Conversations with them began on December 17th. On December 20th, owing to the difficulties which had arisen, primarily with the Japanese, and in order to allow the conversations to continue, the Committee of Nineteen adjourned until January 16th, 1933.