Nationalism and cosmopolitanism in the global age
Nationalism and cosmopolitanism are often portrayed as radically opposed to each other and scholars defining themselves as ‘cosmopolitans’ tend to display a very critical attitude towards anything that includes the word ‘nationalism’ and/ or ‘national’. Following current debates on these issues, this chapter aims to shed some light into the main differences between national and cosmopolitan identity, and to establish under which circumstances, if any, nationalism and cosmopolitanism may become compatible. The chapter is divided into two parts. First, it examines the relevance of the psychological, cultural, historical, territorial and political dimensions I attribute to national identity (Guibernau 2004: 135) when applied to cosmopolitan identity. Second, it offers a careful analysis of the specific conditions in which nationalism and cosmopolitanism might become compatible.