Macro-Level Policies—Higher Education
Success in America is oft en tied to a university degree, especially if we defi ne success in fi nancial terms. Of course, a fi nancial defi nition of success does not take into consideration other factors by which we may measure a successful life such as positive self-esteem, connection with family and community, mutually healthy relationships (with spouses, friends, and signifi cant others), and civic or political service. Yet, in a society that equates one’s worth with one’s income, the potential to earn income and accumulate wealth oft en determines ones’ life chances and opportunities. Receiving a quality education then becomes an essential ingredient for expanding opportunities and life chances. For minority students who oft en lack the wealth to fi nance a future of opportunities, higher education represents a signifi cant stepping stone.