chapter  7
TEACHING PRACTICES, CLASSROOM PEER ECOLOGIES, AND BULLYING BEHAVIORS AMONG SCHOOLCHILDREN
ByPHILIP C. RODKIN, SCOTT D. GEST
Pages 16

Kurt Lewin, among the greatest of 20th century scholars of social development, analyzed every educational setting from the perspective of the child as a potential opportunity and challenge, as a motivating or inhibiting social current. In the epigraph above, Lewin portrays that current as a social atmosphere critical to student success. How might teachers, he asks, direct the social atmosphere of their classrooms toward learning and away from disruption? Th e situation Lewin describes still holds true today: educational practitioners who strive to cultivate a positive social atmosphere rely as much on “trial and error” or “philosophy and instinct” as on scientifi cally evaluated practices. A goal of our current research is to help change this state of aff airs by developing new ways of thinking about and practicing “social management in education.”