chapter  3
On Being the Leader and Acting Fairly: A Contingency Approach
ByDavid De Cremer, Tom R. Tyler
Pages 28

Justice is of considerable importance to the members of contemporary groups, organizations, and societies (Tyler, Boeckmann, Smith, & Huo, 1997). In fact, relationships within these social entities are characterized by people’s concerns about whether the allocations of outcomes between the interaction partners are fair, whether people are treated fairly and respectfully by the others, and whether the group is perceived to be trustworthy and ethical (De Cremer & Tyler, 2005a; Folger & Cropanzano, 1998; Miller, 2001; Walster, Walster, & Berscheid, 1978). Thus, justice is an important concern that is evoked in most interpersonal relationships within social groups (Greenberg, 1996), and one common type of justice that has profound implications for such within group relationships is procedural fairness (Tyler & Lind, 1992). Procedural fairness is referred to as the justice of the procedure used when making allocation decisions-although some also argue that the quality of interpersonal treatment is also a procedural justice issue (Bies, 2005; Blader & Tyler, 2003a, 2003b).