Introduction e increasingly transnational character of higher education has brought tremendous dynamism for the advancement of science and technology. e trend also provides opportunities for the improvement of higher education through collaboration, competition, exchange of ideas, and increased exposure. Without trivializing these bene‹ts, this study is concerned with another dimension of the globalization of higher education: the emergence of dominant models that embody a particular type of power that transforms identities and aects internal hierarchies both within individual institutions and across national systems of higher education. Japanese universities are considered a strategic locale in which to critically observe the emergence of such models and the con‹gurations of power that create and maintain the dominance. e analysis illustrates the challenges and dilemmas as experienced by a non-Western university at which English is not the dominant language of instruction. Such an institution’s quest to stay competitive and relevant through proactive “internationalization” can best be understood in the context of an emerging hegemony in the globalization process of higher education.