chapter  7
The Corporatization of National Universities in Finland
Pages 20

According to Wittrock (1993), European higher education institutions (HEIs) made “a good deal” with the emerging nation-states at the beginning of the nineteenth century. e incorporation of research into universities during the course of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries also promoted the growth and the development of the emerging industries. In return, universities were secured a steady public funding and also, a high social status, because they trained the elites in and for the Nordic societies (Wittrock, 1993).