chapter  12
21 Pages



Is president of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev’s authority under threat as a result of the popular uprisings that occurred between 2003 and 2005 in Georgia, Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan? Will the colour revolutions inspire Kazakh opposition elites to mobilize popular discontent to overthrow Nazarbayev? Or conversely will the disproportionate actions of the authorities in Kazakhstan only breed more discontent?