chapter
The Middle East political economy and the Arab Awakening
A difficult symbiosis?
ByCharles Dunbar
Pages 13

This chapter assesses the present state of the political economy in the Middle East, with particular attention to the efforts at reducing state domination of national economies and to promote private enterprise, and to the crisis created by the need to meet the employment demands of a rapidly growing and better educated workforce. It considers how these problems and the demand for change represented by the Arab Spring are likely to interact and to hazard a guess as to what sorts of outcomes that interaction may produce. The political economy of the Arab world changed dramatically in the third quarter of the twentieth century. Before turning to a concluding estimation of the relationship between the nature of the region's political economy and the likely future course of the Arab Spring, a word should be said about education in the Arab world.