Ethical practice in sport psychology: Challenges in the real world
Respect for clients’ confidentiality is among the oldest and honored ethical standards in the practice of psychology. Confidentiality is a necessary precondition for the development of an effective client-therapist alliance, without which safe, trusting, and effective therapeutic relationships cannot be formed (Andersen, 2005; Brown & Cogan, 2006; Moore, 2003). Most practitioners and trainee sport psychologists have a reasonable grasp of what confidentiality is, why it is fundamental to the practice of psychology, and when they are required to breach it. Nevertheless, translating these guidelines into applied practice is complicated. There are a multitude of environmental and social demands placed on sport psychologists that are qualitatively different from those usually experienced by our clinical, counseling, and school psychologist counterparts for whom the codes of ethics were originally written.