Athletes who are blind/visually impaired or deaf/hard of hearing
Almost all the material one reads about sport psychology is based on work with able-bodied athletes, including those with no or minimal sensory deficits. And yet there are millions of individuals who have sensory deficits, specifically visual and hearing impairments. Some compensate quite well for these deficits, with glasses/contact lenses or hearing aids/lip reading skills, whereas others have deficits that are not amenable to such corrections. The majority of adult individuals have some visual impairment (people using glasses/contact lenses) or some degree of hearing loss (fewer wear hearing aids, but many do). These losses don’t affect the ability of most of these individuals to compete in athletic endeavors.