chapter  51
10 Pages

Motivation and goal setting

ByGlyn C. Roberts, Elsa Kristiansen

In sport and physical activity, we can manage our own motivation or motivation can be managed by others – parents, teachers, coaches, peers. One of the most powerful strategies for managing motivation and performance is the use of goal setting. But first, let us look at what is motivation. Motivation has often been confused with other constructs (e.g., arousal, positive thinking). The important assumption with which most contemporary theorists agree is that motivation is a process, and not an entity. To understand motivation and be able to enhance it in the context of sport, we must make an attempt to understand the process of motivation and the constructs that drive the process, and how goal setting becomes an integral part of the process.