Biomechanical aspects of the development of object projection skills: Stephen Langendorfer, Mary Ann Roberton and David Stodden
In this chapter we examine the biomechanical principles that unify forceful projection tasks, the characteristics of advanced forceful throwing, striking and kicking, and how each of these exemplars changes developmentally. Skilled performance in object projection tasks is generally related both to high-effort force production as well as to projectile accuracy. Our focus in this chapter, however, is to discuss characteristics/mechanisms related to the development of movement patterns that produce maximal projectile speed. Inherent in these discussions is the understanding that accuracy will constrain the behaviours we describe.