chapter  13
24 Pages

Biomechanical and neuromuscular aspects of motor development in children with cerebral palsy: Laura Prosser and Diane Damiano


In this chapter we will discuss how the process and outcome of motor development can be altered substantially by a brain injury early in life, specifically one that affects the sensory and motor areas as seen in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Current knowledge of developmental biomechanics in CP will be primarily reviewed; however, some inferences will be made from the study of older children with CP when our current understanding of atypical motor development is limited. After a brief overview of CP, the impact of growth and sensory impairments on motor development biomechanics will be briefly discussed, followed by the development of force production and neuromuscular mechanics, motor development, postural control and fundamental motor skills.