Key Determinants of the Health and Well-Being of Men and Boys
Men in the United States have greater socioeconomic advantages than women. These advantages, which include higher social status and higher-paid jobs, provide men with better access to health-related resources (Bird & Rieker, 1999; Doyal, 2000). Despite these advantages, men-on average-are at greater risk of serious chronic disease, injury, and death than women. Men in the United States typically die more than 5 years earlier than women (Department of Health and Human Services [DHHS], 2009a). The current life expectancy is 80 years for women and 75 years for men (DHHS, 2009a). For nearly all 15 leading causes of death, men and boys have higher age-adjusted death rates† than women and girls (DHHS, 2009a; see Table 1.1). This remains true in every age group and throughout the life span (DHHS, 2009a). These 15 leading killers account for more than 80% of all deaths in the United States (DHHS, 2009a).