chapter  8
28 Pages

Green Deserts in the South of Latin America: The Role of International Agencies and National States


Forest is a word people tend to relate with paradisiacal, uncultivated, colorful spaces where life abounds. However, forest has been redefi ned to include large-scale tree monocultures for economic exploitation. The products generated by industrial tree plantations differ depending on the region: palm oil in Southeast Asia and the Pacifi c; rubber, wood pulp and cacao, in addition to palm oil, in Africa; palm oil and bio fuel in Colombia and Venezuela and part of Brazil; homogenous cheap wood from pine and eucalyptus mainly for the production of pulp and paper in the Southern Cone.1 What these countries have in common is that all of them are located in the Global South.2