chapter  1
11 Pages

Inquiry, thought and action: John Dewey’s theory of knowledge

But pragmatism is also a theory of knowledge and was so from the beginning. In two articles that appeared in W.T. Harris’s Journal of Speculative Philosophy as early as 1868, its second year (‘Questions concerning certain faculties claimed for man’ and ‘Some consequences of four incapacities’), Peirce argues elaborately and ingeniously against what he calls Cartesianism, the idea that knowledge should be constructed from intuitively selfevident beliefs in minds that have been cleared of all habitual assumptions by a process of universal doubt.